Production Process Traceability in the Supply Chain: An Essential Guide for Improved Visibility and Quality Control

Written by: David Zingery, CSO, Real Time Intel


In the modern supply chain, production process traceability is an essential aspect of ensuring quality control and accountability. It refers to the ability to trace the movement of goods and materials throughout the production process, from raw materials to the finished product. The goal of production process traceability is to provide greater visibility into the supply chain and reduce the risk of product defects, counterfeits, and other issues that can compromise the quality and reputation of the brand.


Why is Production Process Traceability Important?


Improved Quality Control: With production process traceability, it is possible to monitor each step of the production process and identify any potential issues before they become major problems. This enables manufacturers to take corrective action in real-time, reducing the risk of product defects and ensuring that only high-quality products reach the end consumer. Fewer scrapped items due to quality issues reduces waste and improves profitability.

Recall Management: Not only can traceability of the production process improve quality control to reduce recalls, if there is a recall swift action can save your brand and bottom line. Manufacturers can isolate specific products for recall quickly, minimizing loss and waste.

Increased Visibility: Traceability provides greater visibility into the supply chain, allowing manufacturers to track the movement of goods and materials, monitor inventory levels, and improve the accuracy of forecasting and planning. Knowing what is or isn’t coming allows production lines to be more agile with the added time to pivot, rather than reacting once there is a stoppage.

Reduced Risk of Counterfeits: By implementing traceability in the production process, manufacturers can reduce the risk of counterfeits entering the supply chain. Counterfeits are a major concern for many businesses, as they can harm the brand’s reputation, reduce consumer confidence, and result in significant financial losses.

Compliance with Regulations: In many industries, production process traceability is required by law, including the food and pharmaceutical industries. By implementing production process traceability, manufacturers can ensure that their products are compliant with regulations and meet the standards set by governing bodies.


What Technologies are Available for Production Process Traceability?


    1. Barcode Technology: Though more labor intensive, barcode technology is a cost-effective and widely used solution for product traceability. Barcodes are scanned at various stages of the production process and linked to the product’s unique identifier, providing real-time data on its movement and location.
    2. Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID) Technology: RFID technology uses radio waves to communicate between a tag and reader, allowing for real-time tracking and monitoring of products. RFID tags can be embedded in products, providing detailed information on the product’s movement and location throughout the supply chain.
    3. Global Positioning System (GPS) Technology: GPS technology uses satellite signals to track the movement of products and monitor their location in real-time. This technology provides accurate and up-to-date information on the location and movement of products, allowing for quick identification and resolution of any issues.
    4. Blockchain Technology: Blockchain technology offers a secure and decentralized ledger for recording transactions and tracking the movement of products. With its tamper-proof and transparent nature, blockchain technology is well-suited for production process traceability and can help to enhance the transparency and accuracy of the supply chain.
    5. Internet of Things (IoT) Technology: IoT technology enables the interconnectivity of devices, providing real-time data on the movement and location of products. With the ability to track and monitor products in real-time, IoT technology is a powerful tool for improving production process traceability.
    6. Artificial Intelligence (AI) Technology: AI technology can be used to analyze mountains of data and automate the process of traceability. With its ability to identify patterns and anomalies, AI technology can help to identify and resolve any issues in the production process, ensuring the quality and safety of products.
    7. Cloud Computing Technology: Cloud computing technology enables the storage and sharing of information and data across multiple devices and platforms. By providing real-time access to production process data, cloud computing technology can help to enhance the efficiency and accuracy of traceability processes.

To be most effective, many solutions will incorporate several of these technologies for complete visibility through different environments, choosing the best technology to capture the desired information efficiently and effectively.


How do I Implement Production Traceability in My Supply Chain?


Implementing production process traceability requires a comprehensive approach, including the following steps:


    1. Define Your Goals: Determine what you hope to achieve through production process traceability, including improved quality control, increased visibility, reduced risk of counterfeits, or compliance with regulations.
    2. Assess Your Current Processes: Evaluate your current processes and identify areas that could be improved with the implementation of production process traceability.
    3. Choose the Right Technology: Based on your goals and assessment, choose the technology that best fits your needs, such as barcoding, RFID, blockchain, cloud-based software, or IoT.
    4. Integrate the Technology: Integrate the chosen technology into your existing systems, including your ERP and supply chain management software.
    5. Train Your Team: Ensure that your team is trained on the new technology and understands how to use it to achieve your goals.
    6. Monitor and Evaluate: Continuously monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of your production process and adjust as needed to improve the quality of your products and the efficiency of your supply chain.



Production process traceability is an essential aspect of quality control and accountability in the modern supply chain. By providing greater visibility and reducing the risk of product defects and counterfeits, production process traceability can help manufacturers to improve the quality of their products and enhance the reputation of their brand. With the right technology and implementation approach, manufacturers can achieve these benefits and drive long-term success in their supply chain operations.

Implementing traceability into your production process can become a daunting task. There are many steps in the implementation process and choosing between the available options without an in-depth knowledge of each can become more to take on than you bargained for.

Real Time Intelligence helps with the entire process from goal setting to realization. RTI (Real Time Intelligence) can provide a site assessment to evaluate your current processes, architect a solution, and then handle the technology selection and procurement. They will oversee the integration and provide training to make sure your team is able to collect and use the data effectively. When the data is synthesized into eP360™, RTI’s award winning software, you will have access to analytics and insights to your entire production process in real time. It’s actually pretty easy.


Easy to work with, easy to implement, easy to use. Request your free consultation here.